Securitization is the creation of asset backed securities. These are debt securities that are backed by a stream of cash flow. Typical debt securities may include;
Residential & Commercial Mortgages and Real Estate Leases
Consumer Assets such as Personal Loans, Vehicle Hire Purchase and Credit Card Receivables
The act of Securitization is the taking of the cash-flow or income streams over the period of the obligation and rolling it into a current lump-sum value. It is effectively bringing future income into today’s value for today’s use.
Due to this act of relying on future income, most Securitizations are underwritten or insured.
Assets to be securitised are first sold (or transferred) to a special purpose vehicle company (SPV) in order to isolate them from any claim or repayment obligation of the end borrower. The SPV will then issue Bonds or other debt instruments or obligations. The SPV then uses the funds raised by issuing the debt securities to pay to the ultimate borrower for the assets.
The borrower has raised money without risking assets other than those held by the SPV and it has got a lump sum in return. It has lost some assets or cash flows in return for cash. The debt is also kept off-balance sheet. This is quite reasonable given the limited recourse. Securitization can therefore be seen as a way of selling off a stream of cash flows.
Securitization also has benefits for investors. It widens their choice of available investments. The asset backed securities created by Securitization may also be easier to analyse as investors need only evaluate the cash flows from a small pool of assets, instead of a whole complex business. The assets most often securitised are loans of one kind or another which are usually (when pooled, not individually) a low risk investment.
Securitization is a valuable financial tool to any organisation. It allows the principal to use future income streams as today’s assets. It allows for cheap, non-recourse borrowings off-balance sheet and become economically viable for contracts over a minimum of $4m.
Securitization can also be effectively employed in debt restructuring strategies.
Paywot Co Limited can structure bespoke solutions to achieve the objective. Fast, efficiently and economically. To find out how we can help you raise money contact us in confidence where our experienced partners will be able to answer your questions and offer you the right advice.